Container gardening basics (2024)

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Selecting containers

  • Be sure your container has good drainage.
  • The container should be slightly larger than the combined rootballs of the plants you will put into them. Containers that have a lot of unfilled space retain too much water and encourage root rot.

Selecting soil

  • Always use an all-purpose potting soil that contains perlite or vermiculite, to allow for good drainage. Compost or bark provide organic matter that will hold moisture.

Selecting plants

  • Mix different plant shapes that include plants that are spiky (usually in the center, often called Thrillers), mounding plants to fill in (fillers), and trailing plants(spillers) that cascade over the sides.
  • Use a variety of leaf colors and textures.

Planting and care

  • Moisten potting soil before planting.
  • To take up space in your large containers, turn a 1-gallon plastic pot upside down and line the bottom with these to take up space. This will reduce the amount of soil you need to fill the container.
  • Fill container with soil to within 1” of the lip of your container. This will allow you to create a water reservoir when watering.
  • After planting, water thoroughly. If you have a tray or saucer under your plant, be sure to empty it so the roots do not sit in excessive water.
  • For the rest of the season, water when the top 1-2” of soil is dry. Water thoroughly so that water comes out the bottom of your container to be sure you have saturated the soil.
  • Use a slow-release fertilizer or worm castings and apply several times throughout the season. You can also add these at the time of planting.
  • To encourage lots of annual blooms, use a fertilizer high in phosphorous, such as 10-60-10.
  • Deadhead annuals throughout the season by removing spent blooms. This will keep them looking fresh.

Find more gardening tips in Gardening, Lawn, and Landscape.

Suggested annuals for container gardening


Usually buying just one or two per container

  • Cordyline (cabbage palm)
  • Dracaena spikes
  • Purple fountain grass (Pennisetum)
  • Spider flower
  • Whirling butterflies (Gaura)


Buy several in groups of three of each.

  • African daisy (Osteospermum)
  • Ageratum (Floss Flower)
  • Alyssum
  • Annual baby’s breath
  • Basil
  • Browallia
  • co*ckscomb
  • Coleus
  • Cosmos
  • Dianthus
  • Dusty miller
  • Euphorbia Diamond Frost
  • Flowering tobacco
  • Geranium (zonal)
  • Impatiens
  • Lobelia, upright type
  • Marigold
  • Ornamental pepper
  • Pansy
  • Petunia
  • Plume Celosia
  • Pot Marigold
  • Salvia
  • Snapdragons
  • Verbena
  • Wax begonia
  • Zinnia


Buy one or more.

  • Bacopa
  • Creeping zinnia
  • Licorice plant
  • Lobelia, cascading type
  • Million bells
  • Moss rose
  • Nasturtium
  • Spreading verbena
  • Swedish ivy
  • Sweet potato vine
  • Vinca vine
  • Wave petunia

Container gardening basics (1)

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In this article, the main concepts discussed are related to container gardening. Here is some information related to the concepts used in the article:

Selecting Containers:

  • It is important to choose containers with good drainage to prevent water retention and root rot.
  • The container should be slightly larger than the combined rootballs of the plants being planted [[1]].

Selecting Soil:

  • All-purpose potting soil that contains perlite or vermiculite is recommended for good drainage.
  • Compost or bark can be added to provide organic matter that retains moisture [[1]].

Selecting Plants:

  • When selecting plants for containers, it is recommended to mix different plant shapes, including spiky plants (Thrillers), mounding plants (Fillers), and trailing plants (Spillers).
  • Using a variety of leaf colors and textures can create visual interest [[1]].

Planting and Care:

  • Before planting, it is advised to moisten the potting soil.
  • To reduce the amount of soil needed, you can turn a 1-gallon plastic pot upside down and line the bottom of the container with them.
  • After planting, it is important to water thoroughly and ensure that excess water is drained from the container.
  • Throughout the season, water when the top 1-2 inches of soil is dry.
  • Slow-release fertilizers or worm castings can be applied multiple times during the season.
  • For lots of annual blooms, a fertilizer high in phosphorous, such as 10-60-10, can be used.
  • Deadheading spent blooms can help keep the plants looking fresh [[1]].

Suggested Annuals for Container Gardening:

  • Some suggested thrillers include Cordyline, Dracaena spikes, Purple fountain grass, Spider flower, and Whirling butterflies.
  • Fillers can include African daisy, Ageratum, Alyssum, Annual baby’s breath, Basil, Browallia, co*ckscomb, Coleus, Cosmos, Dianthus, Dusty miller, Euphorbia Diamond Frost, Flowering tobacco, Geranium (zonal), Impatiens, Lobelia (upright type), Marigold, Ornamental pepper, Pansy, Petunia, Plume Celosia, Pot Marigold, Salvia, Snapdragons, Verbena, Wax begonia, and Zinnia.
  • Some suggested spillers include Bacopa, Creeping zinnia, Licorice plant, Lobelia (cascading type), Million bells, Moss rose, Nasturtium, Spreading verbena, Swedish ivy, Sweet potato vine, Vinca vine, and Wave petunia [[1]].

I hope this information helps you understand the concepts discussed in the article. If you have any further questions or need more information, feel free to ask!

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